Home > History, International, Iran > History of Modern Warfare Iran Iraq War 1980-1988

History of Modern Warfare Iran Iraq War 1980-1988

The Iran–Iraq War, also known as theImposed War and Holy Defense in Iran, Saddām’s Qādisiyyah in Iraq, and the (First) Persian Gulf War, was an armed conflict between the armed forces of Iraq and Iran, lasting from September 1980 to August 1988, making it the longest conventional war of the twentieth century. It was initially referred to in English as the “Persian Gulf War” prior to the “Gulf War” of 1990 with the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq.

The war began when Iraq invaded Iran, launching a simultaneous invasion by air and land into Iranian territory on 22 September 1980 following a long history of border disputes, and fears of Shia insurgency among Iraq’s long-suppressed Shia majority influenced by the Iranian Revolution.

 

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